My deepest thanks go to them all. I pray that Allah rewards them with the best of
rewards, for only He is capable of giving such gifts to His believers. Insha Allah,
Allah will reward them in this life and in the life hereafter. Amin.
I again would like to thank Allah, The Sublime, The Majestic, for instilling in
me the courage and strength to compile this book for the benefit of others. May
Allah, in His infinite grace and mercy, accept this humble effort. Amin.
aving witnessed the countless hours,
days and months that Abu Ammar had dedicated to this book, it was only natural that
I was too happy to read through the first draft and see what it was that had taken
precedence over me as a loving wife! Having
had such an opportunity, I would like to congratulate my husband for engaging with
this topic in a thorough way and I applaud him for his unique style which makes
it accessible for the masses. May Allah reward him and increase him further. Amin.
However, despite such praise, I did note one considerable drawback: no where did
I find an explicit description of the term shirk.
A simple and clear definition was essential considering that the entire book dealt
with this issue. So I queried Abu Ammar regarding this and he suggested that I research
this subject myself and write something for his book. And so, what you read before
you is the outcome of that modest research.
I began by first challenging myself to find
a clear and simple definition for the term shirk which I did by consulting the hadith
collections and works such as Tarikh
(history) and of course the Tafsir (Interpretation
of the Qur?an) volumes. While consulting the Qur?an, even though it speaks to us
about the evilness of shirk in many instances, there were no verses that offered
an explicit definition. It then dawned upon me that to fully understand what shirk
is one must first acknowledge the precise meaning of
Tawhid (the oneness of Allah). Naturally then, anything that opposes the
meaning of Tawhid would then necessitate it being classified as shirk. Tawhid is
thus understood to fall within two basic categories: The first concerns the Essence
of Allah, which humans cannot comprehend,
but as Muslims, we have faith that He (Allah) is alone with no partners. The second
category deals with what are known as the attributes of Allah, i.e., the names of
Allah which give us an idea of His supremacy. We can see in our own world that most
of creation always has an opposite. For example, we have the darkness of the Night
and light of the day; Male and Female; Hot or Cold; Sweet and Sour, good and bad
(etc) and in the case of Tawhid, its opposite is shirk. There is a principle in
the Islamic sciences which notes that all things are identified by their opposites,
so to recognize an act of shirk one must be sure that there is something competing
with Tawhid, i.e., against either the Essence or attributes of Allah.
Currently, we are faced with a dire situation
where a particular group of people are accusing other Muslims of committing actions
of shirk. However, what these people do not understand is that shirk is only a reality
when something is challenging the understanding
of Allah?s Tawhid. In the Qur?an we are told of the shirk that was committed
by previous nations. We understand from them that they committed shirk by establishing
rivals to Allah in both the Essence
and Attributes of Allah. For example,
the polytheists would set up partners
besides Allah and
make sacrifice for them in their
name. As Muslims, we fully understand that Allah is alone and that there is no other
deity besides Him. Any understanding which opposes this is shirk.
One can say that shirk is based upon three
To unite any partners with the
essence of Allah
To unite any partners with the
attributes of Allah
To think that anyone other than Allah is entitled
to being worshipped
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The current Delusion of Shirk
It was the increase of the use of this word (shirk) in our time that made me question
what was the actually meaning of this term that was being used so frequently. A
friend of mine, a sister of wisdom and kindness, went to visit another sister. They
discussed many things as they had not seen one another for a while, and they began
to talk of food and particular recipes?a typical topic for women! My friend told
the sister of a dish that I had given to her a few days back?her exact words were:
?Umm Ammar gave me such and such dish which I really enjoyed.? Upon hearing the
sister frantically stood up, clearly outraged. My friend asked her what was wrong
and she replied that the statement she made was shirk: as she was saying someone
other than Allah had given her something?or provided her with food. My friend was
shocked and deeply saddened by what this sister had just said. She explained that
this was not her intention and it was a matter of mere words?of course Allah is
the sole provider she further explained, but the sister did not want to hear of
it and accused her of becoming a polytheist. My friend left her house in a sate
of confusion and shock. Later when my friend told me of this incident I did not
know if I should have laughed or cried. I could not understand how she could come
up with such an absurd idea! Sadly, this is the reality that we are currently faced
with: a nation crying shirk! I am deeply appalled that Muslims have become so accustomed
to saying the word shirk without understanding the weight of its meaning. It is
one thing to merely use this word but another to accuse a Muslim committing shirk.
SubhanAllah! What a sad state indeed.
Another similar example occurred when a young
girl recently approached me. I was aware that she had been learning how to read
the Qur?an from another sister who had studied from one particular institute in
(Pakistan). The young girl told me that she was talking amongst her friends
in her Qur?an class about some new Nike trainers she had brought. She told her friends
that she loved her new Nike trainers very much. When her teacher heard this she
gave a similar reaction that my friend received from the other sister. The teacher
stopped her entire class and explained that the statement the young girl had made
was a statement of shirk! She spoke angrily as she explained that to love other
than Allah was shirk?particularly the love of shoes!
The young girl explained to me that she was so upset at the embarrassment
her teacher caused but knew in her heart not to bother protest to such stupidity!
These are just two examples of the misuse
of the word shirk that have happened to people I know. I am both saddened and amused
by the ignorance and the delusion about shirk which people have. This reminds me
of a story I read during my youth: There was a prince who fell ill with the flu.
The doctor requested an explanation to the patient as to how he thought he had caught
the flu. The prince explained that he was riding on his horse and his horse galloped
upon a radish peel and it must have been for this reason he caught a cold and then
the flu. The doctor laughed at his ignorant presumption. It is this similar ignorant
presumption of shirk that certain people have, which is causing them to accuse their
own friends, families and students of shirk.
Something else which I have found in the people who are deluded with the idea of
shirk is that they often intimidate other people: they use loud voices and claim
to have ample proof from the Qur?an. They take the verses of the Qur?an out of context
and recite verse after verse to sincere people on the path of knowledge. When one
sees such ?knowledge? and ?passion? we do not dare to argue. I have recently seen
famous Muslim sportsmen, ex-Singers, and doctors, being brainwashed with this same
delusion of shirk. Such personalities also intimidate and influence others, forcing
them to accept and join the club of the ?Shirk Brigade!? An example of these intimidating
people is when I was invited to give a speech amongst some sisters, one of the sisters
was filming the event. As she was filming another sister stood up (she was a doctor
at the local hospital) and began to recite a verse from the Qur?an at the top of
her voice. She used the verse to prove that to film using a camera was shirk! What
disturbed me further that almost everyone in the hall immediately accepted what
she was saying. Why? Because of the intimidation they felt. Unease filled the room
as all the sisters thought to themselves, she must know better than us, she knows
Arabic, she is a doctor and the tone of her voice shows certainty. It is this very
personality that scoops people into this incorrect ideology. But let me show you
the ignorance of these people by telling you the verse she presented:
?Therefore, set right your face for the obedience of Allah being one devoted to
Him only. The established pattern of Allah upon which He has created mankind. No
change in the created things of Allah. This is the only right religion. But most
of the people know not.?
It was by the grace of Allah that I had a copy of
Sahih al-Bukhari with me at the talk. I asked the sister to come forward
and asked her to read the Tafsir of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and
grant him peace) of this verse from Sahih al-Bukhari which said:
Narrated Abu-Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "No child is born except on
al-Fitra (Islam) and then his parents make him Jewish, Christian or Magian,
as an animal produces a perfect young animal: do you see any part of its body amputated?"
Then he recited: ?The religion of pure Islamic Faith (Hanifa), [i.e. to worship
none but Allah], The pure Allah's Islamic nature with which He (Allah) has created
mankind. Let There be no change in Allah's religion (i.e. to join none in Allah's
worship). That is the straight religion; but most of men know not...?? (30.30).
Upon reading this the Sister left the hall. Afterwards many of the sisters came
to me and thanked me for removing the doubts she had placed in their hearts. The
sister filming was almost close to tears as she too thanked me. She said she could
not comprehend how her intention of filming the event could compromise the Tawhid
of Allah! I then explained that in Islam some acts have been defined as shirk, however
many actions have also been categorized as Haram
(Forbidden), Makruh (disliked) and La Yajaaz, (Not recommended). Those
people though they only wish to use the term shirk, even for minor acts, it seems
they do not receive any piece of mind until they use this word!
Meaning of Shirk
from classical Arab
Meaning of Tawhid: The belief in One
In Islam, Tawhid means that Allah is One in His essence, attributes, actions and
has no partner and there is none like Him.
Meaning of Shirk: To unite/make a partner
In Islam, shirk means to unite someone with Allah?s essence, attributes or actions
or to believe that other than Allah possesses his unlimited qualities.
Allamah Taftazani writes that the term shirk means to make an equal partner with
Allah, just as the polytheists did. Shirk also entails believing (as the polytheists
of Makkah did) that so-called partner of Allah are entitled to be worshipped just
as the polytheists did with their idols.
I feel that Allamah Taftazaani (may Allah be pleased with him) has given a very
accurate description of the term Shirk, because the polytheists of Makkah used to
think that their idols were entitled for their worship and this was clearly described
as Shirk as Allah Almighty says in the Qur?an:
039.003 Yes, the sincere exclusive devotion is to Allah only. And those who have
taken for protectors other than Allah say, 'we worship them only so that
they may bring us nearer to Allah'. Allah will decide among them concerning that
wherein they are differing. Undoubtedly, Allah guides not him who is a great ungrateful
In the above verse we see how the polytheist themselves confessed that they believed
their idols were entitled of being worshipped and that, in fact they did worship
them. Can one ever think that a Muslim, someone with the faith of the One Allah
and His Holy Prophet, ever think, even for a second, that someone other than Allah
is entitled to be worshipped? Of course not! This is the description of shirk, yet
there are some ignorant people who still think that Muslims can commit shirk and
have made it their mission in life to label other Muslim?s polytheists! (I seek
refuge from Allah)
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Shirk with the Essence of Allah
We have already established that the meaning of Tawhid is to have complete faith
in the oneness and unity of Allah, to believe that He has no partners, He is alone
and only He is entitle for all worship and sacrifice.
The polytheists (of Makkah) could not grasp the fact that the entire world had been
created by Allah alone, and that it is Allah Almighty who is controlling every movement
of this world; from the hurricanes to the movement of a leaf. Instead of accepting
the truth of Allah?s oneness, the polytheists thought that there must be a power
other than the one God; they concluded that there must be two gods. (I seek refuge
from Allah!). It was this thought that brought about the concept of two gods rather
than the One Allah Almighty. Allah then sent the blessed Prophet Muhammad (may Allah
bless him and grant him peace), who explained to them the truth of the one God?Allah.
He told people to turn away from their idols of wood and stone and submit to Allah
alone; however the polytheists were so astray that they were shocked at what the
prophet was preaching. Allah then revealed this verse:
038.015 What! Makes he the gods a single Allah? A strange thing is this, to be sure!
Allah then revealed a verse of truth and perfection, which shattered their false
ideology, as Allah Almighty says in the Qur?an:
016.051 And Allah has said: Take not two
gods, He is only one Allah; so of Me alone should you be afraid.
021.022 If there had been in them any gods except Allah, they would both
have certainly been in a state of disorder; therefore glory be to Allah, the Lord
of the dominion, above what they attribute (to Him).
Allah Almighty explains in this verse that the concept of two gods is one of foolishness.
If there had been two gods, there would be a state of disorder?one god would desire
one thing and the other would want something else. One god would want the sun to
rise from the East and one god would want the sun to rise in the west! If there
were two gods, the concept of an all powerful god would not exist, as one god would
be more superior, thus their concept was one of sheer stupidity?the destruction
of the universe would be inevitable. This was the manner in which the polytheists
would make partners with Allah?they would insult the essence of Allah by giving
something else the same status and essence-this is known as shirk
fid-dhat meaning shirk with the essence
of Allah. (I seek refuge from Allah.)
When a child is born, often the child inherits characteristics from their parents.
A son may take the same height or eye colour as his father. It was bearing this
idea in mind that the polytheists believed that Allah also had children and that
his children had inherited some of his characteristics and traits. They further
believed that the children of Allah also had the right to be worshipped. (I seek
refuge from Allah) we are informed of this in the Qur?an, as Allah Almighty says:
And they make the jinn associates with Allah, while He created them, and
they falsely attribute to Him sons and daughters without knowledge; glory be
to Him, and highly exalted is He above what they ascribe (to Him).
they make the angels-- them who are the servants of the Beneficent Allah-- female
(divinities). What! did they witness their creation? Their evidence shall
be written down and they shall be questioned
And they assign to Him a part
of His servants; man, to be sure, is clearly ungrateful.
From these verses we see the second explanation and type of shirk,
fidh-dhat. By claiming that Allah has children or attributing creation as
his children is associating partners with him-this is what the polytheist of Makkah
did and again, this is shirk with the essence of Allah.
always commit Shirk Fidh-Dhat
(Shirk with the Essence of Allah)
The Kharajite sect have accused other Muslims of committing shirk by venerating
the Prophets and the pious. They say there is no difference between Muslims who
do this and the polytheists of Makkah. The belief that Muslims are committing shirk
by ?worshipping? Prophets and the pious is a completely lie and based on falsehood.
(I do not want to discuss this subject as my husband has thoroughly explained this
with many evidences later in this book). The polytheists always committed shirk
Fidh-Dhat, in that they made partners
with the essence of Allah in the form of children or with the concept of two gods.
They did not commit shirk Fidh-Dhat by
saying the attributed partners were pious though they committed shirk
Fidh-Dhat by claiming that they were the
children of Allah! The following verse explains that this false belief
has been passed on from ancient generations:
And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah; and the Christians say: The Messiah
is the son of Allah; these are the words of their mouths;
they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before; may Allah destroy
them; how they are turned away!
Many people wrongly claim that shirk originated from people associating the Prophets
and pious with Allah and this is also what the polytheists used to do. However,
this verse informs us that the polytheists committed Shirk
Fidh-Dhat by attributing sons and daughters to Allah:
they did not worship their false deities due to their piety, the reason
for worshipping them was because they believed
they were the sons and daughters of Allah. We further come to know that
even the nations before these polytheists?nations before the time of the Pharaoh?committed
this exact shirk with the essence of Allah as Allah says,
they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before. This highlights
the fact that never was anyone worshipped due to piety?the shirk that took place
was because of shirk with the essence
of Allah by attributing sons and daughters to Him.
Shirk with the attributes
There are many attributes of Allah, we can never know of them all, but the names
that have been attributed to Him in the Qur?an we do know of. The attributes of
Allah are all:
His own (personal)
If anyone was to believe that someone other than Allah shares his attributes with
the above three conditions then that would be shirk with the attributes of Allah
(shirk Fis-sifat). In other words, if
someone were to say ?such and such has personal knowledge of the world which is
unlimited and eternal? this would be shirk. However, if someone were to say that
?such and such has knowledge,? knowing that of course it is unlimited and not his
own (i.e., granted by Allah) and that it is not eternal then this is not shirk.
Similarly, to say that someone has power or is powerful in some way is fine. If
one acknowledges that their power is not his own and was given by Allah, the power
is neither eternal or unlimited, then again this would not be shirk. The Kharajite
sect say that to believe someone has excessive knowledge or knowledge of the unseen
is Shirk; they say the same with ?power?; they claim that to say the Prophets and
the pious have power, particularly supernatural power is also Shirk because only
Allah has knowledge and power, no one else can share these attributes, so to believe
someone has power is Shirk. Below is an explanation that this is not shirk
In the below two verses, we are informed of one of the attributes of Allah?the Honourable.
In one verse we are told that all honour is for Him. However in another verse we
are told that honour is for Allah, His messenger and the Muslims. Some will say
that to give others the attributes of Allah (here being ?honour?) is shirk. This
is absurd because what is implied in the verse is that honour is bestowed upon the
Prophet and Muslims by Allah: it is limited, not eternal and it is not like the
Honour Allah the Almighty has. If we acknowledge this, then it cannot be shirk,
as Allah Almighty says in the Qur?an:
004.139 Those who take non-believers as awliya
instead of Muslims, Do they seek honour from them? Then surely all honour is for
063.008 They say, 'if we return to Madina, the one most honour able will surely
expel therefrom the one most mean, whereas the honour is for Allah, and His Messenger
and Muslims, but the hypocrites know not.
From the above verse we see that Allah has given the attribute of honour to Himself,
the Prophet and the Muslims, so this cannot be shirk. You will find this is the
case of many of Allah?s attributes in the Qur?an, where the Prophets and Muslims
have been given the same attributes of Allah. Let me give you another example:
002. 143 Verily Allah is very
Kind and Merciful to human beings.
009.128 Assuredly there has come to you a messenger from among yourselves, heavy
upon him is your suffering; ardently desirous of your welfare, and to Muslims is most Kind and Merciful
In the above verse, the words ?Kind and Merciful? are attributed to Allah and then
they are attributed to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him
peace). This further proves that others can be recognized by Allah?s attributes,
knowing that it was Allah who granted it to the person anyway, it is not eternal
Fis-Sifaat with Idols
The polytheists used to give their idols the same attributes of Allah. i.e., ?Powerful,
knowing, Kind, Merciful?? they also believed that these attributes were the idol?s
own and were not granted to them by anyone; they believed that these attributes
were unlimited and eternal: this was shirk with the
Sifat of Allah (Attributes of Allah). Allah has never mentioned any quality
of the idols or given them any status or any praise, instead they have been cursed
and will be brought alive on the final day and thrown into hell, whereas the Prophets
and Muslims have been praised by Allah. They have been given status and their qualities
have been mentioned time and time again in the Qur?an; He has called them addressed
them and praised them with his own attributes. For example: Powerful, knowledgeable,
Kind, Merciful, Helpers and the Muslims have been promised a great reward unlike
Shirk Fil Ahkam:
Shirk by accepting
Amr Bin Luhayy was the man who brought idols from
into Makkah. It was at this point that people left the teachings of Sayyidina Ibrahim
(upon him be peace) and began to listen to the commands of Amr Bin Luhayy. He told
the people to worship the idols he had brought and told them to sacrifice for the
idols, claiming that the idols were equal to Allah. The polytheists left the command
of Allah and that of the Prophets and accepted the command of Amr bin Luhayy. They
made the command of Amr Bin Luhayy superior to the command of Allah; this was shirk
Fil Ahkam (Shirk by making commands superior
back to top
Earlier this year during the month of Rabbi al-Awwal, I had been invited to give
a talk in
as there was a gathering to celebrate the Mawlid.
At the event, I talked of the events that surrounded the birth of the Prophet Muhammad
(may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and the blessings of the day. After the
lecture, one of the sisters said she had not come to listen to the talks but only
come to warn us all that by celebrating the birth of the Holy Prophet we were all
committing shirk! I then explained that firstly celebrating the birth of the Holy
Prophet does not fit into any of the categories of shirk explained in the Qur?an,
and secondly by celebrating the birth of the Holy Prophet we are in actual fact
declaring the Tawhid of Allah by celebrating that the Holy Prophet was a man and
was born unlike Allah Almighty! Again I was taken aback at how easily people use
the word shirk; many of you will have come across these people who often cry shirk,
but if you are to compare their accusations with the true definition of shirk, the
meanings will never fit and their accusations will be false.
Another sister questioned me on whether I thought that the Prophets had the authority
to make things lawful and unlawful. I answered ?Yes.? She replied that only Allah
has the right to do this and to believe that the Prophets can make things unlawful
and lawful is an act of shirk; she then gave the example of Amr Bin Luhayy who introduced
the worship of idols in Makkah when Allah had forbidden this and made it unlawful.
I answered by explaining to her that Allah has all right to make whatever He wills
lawful and whatever He wills unlawful; however Allah did not give any right to Amr
Bin Luhayy to do this, who contradicted Allah by making lawful that which Allah
made unlawful. However Allah Almighty has given the Prophets the permission and
right to decide what is awful and unlawful, and the Prophets never made anything
lawful which was already forbidden by Allah, for this reason it is not shirk, as
Allah Almighty says in the Qur?an:
009.029 Fight those who believe not in Allah, and in the Last Day, and accept not
as unlawful what Allah and His messenger made unlawful.
007.157 He will bid them to do good and will forbid them from doing evil, and will
make lawful for them clean things and will forbid for them unclean things,
and will take off from them that burden and shackles which were upon them. Then
those who believe in him and honour him and help him and follow that light which
has been sent down with him, they are the persons who attained their objects.
I presented her these two verses from which we see that the Prophet Muhammad (may
Allah bless him and grant him peace) was granted the authority to make things lawful
and unlawful; so to say they have the power to do shirk is definitely not shirk!
Another sister stood up and said that Muslims who call the Prophet of Allah ?Hakim?
(the judge) are committing Shirk. I then simply showed her with the following verse;
as Allah Almighty says in the Qur?an:
004.065 Then O beloved! By your Lord, they shall not be Muslims until they make you
judge in all disputes among themselves, then they find not any impediment
in their hearts concerning whatever you decide, and accept from the eve of their
In the above verse we are informed that we cannot even be Muslims unless we give
the Holy Prophet the status and name of a Hakim. So how could this possibly be Shirk!
The above questions were all asked to me on the same day! This is how frequently
and easily the word ?Shirk? is being used! However I do not blame the sisters themselves,
most have been brainwashed by the Khwaarij sect who have made the use of this word
a custom, though their habit of using and spreading this word is clearly not justified
as they do not even know what it means.
?Shirk is not a
hat that you can place on anyone?s head!?
By now, you should have realised that I am very concerned at the frequent use of
the word shirk. One must understand that someone can only commit shirk if they are
competing with the Tawhid of Allah: it is impossible for a Muslim to have this thought!
The word Shirk is not a hat that you can place on anyone?s head! However this seems
to be an active practice of the Kharajite sect.
The First people to accuse Muslims of committing
I have come across a number of brothers and sisters who have a sincere desire to
study Islam and follow in the footsteps of the beloved Prophet (may Allah bless
him and grant him peace); many set out in a search for enlightenment and knowledge
and meet people belonging to the Khwaarij Sect. The people of this sect always highlight
the importance of ?amal (good deeds)
and are very firm in their own practice, they will have beards on their faces and
piety in their clothes and actions, Salah will be given the utmost importance and
they will have revised many quotations of the Qur?an (often on the topic of shirk!).
Their evidences for any matter will be given from the Qur?an (which they take out
of context); they have a huge concern for the Ummah at large; they think that they
are the only ones who truly care for the suffering Ummah when this is clearly not
true. Upon seeing this, the sincere people looking for a path are often very impressed
by the Khwaarij sect, their extreme piety and ?knowledge? of the Qur?an will blind
you from seeing their reality. However the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and
grant him peace) in his great wisdom warned us of these very people centuries ago
as he said:
Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Holy Prophet said:
?A nation will appear, many of them will be young and they will be brainwashed;
they shall try to prove everything from the Qur?an, they will seem very pious, their
slogans and aims will seem very attractive, however they shall be far from the deen.?
It is very difficult for people nowadays, particularly the youth to avoid this particular
sect. Especially when they are receiving much praise and support from influential
people such as sportsmen and ex-singers; but it is essential to remember that even
though they may present the correct slogans of Tawhid, Qur?an and Jihad, their intentions
are incorrect and they lack the most important thing in our deen: love. Love for
the Prophets and the Pious, for without this
mahabba we are lost and empty.
To say these people are wrong and to not fall into their trap is very difficult.
Sahabah (companions of the holy Prophet) were also tested
Indeed it is a struggle for us to stand up to these people and face them; it is
a huge test and we are being tested just as the
sahabah (companions) were tested. Great companions such as ?Ali Ibn Abi
Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) were tested. It was during the time of Sayyidina
?Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Khwaarij sect first appeared and since
then they have been developing to this day. The Khwaarij were the unfortunate, confused
people when they accused ?Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him), the
cousin of the Holy Prophet of committing Shirk and Bid?ah (innovation in Islam).
The Khwaarij taunted Sayyidina ?Ali and many of the other companions with this accusation
and would insult and embarrass them day in day out. Sayyidina ?Ali and the other
Muslims of the time were faced with a huge trial; they tried to rationalise with
them and preserve patience, but even for a great personality of Islam such as Sayyidina
?Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) it was just too much! The Khwaarij then began
to kill many of the sahabah because they
thought they were committing shirk. After consulting with the other companions,
Sayyidina ?Ali decided to wage war with them. Many of the companions fought alongside
Sayyidina ?Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) during this war and they were victorious
against them. The name of this war was Nehrwaan and the classical scholars of Islam
such as Imam Tabari, Ibn al-Jawzi, Ibn Kathir and Allamah Dhahabi and Ibn Athir
have written about the above events in their respective
Tarikhs (History books) under the chapter of ?Khilaafa of Sayyidina ?Ali?
and Hafidh bn Taymiyyah has also written of these events in detail in his
fatawa Volume 11.
The trial of the Sahabah
When Sayyidina ?Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and his followers left for the
war at Nehrwaan, they found the Khwaarij deep in worship and supplication, whilst
some were beautifully reciting the Qur?an others were in prostration. Upon seeing
this, the Sahabah were uneasy about fighting against this sect. How can we fight
against such pious men they thought to themselves; it was these thoughts that provoked
the following two events:
Hafidh Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani and Qadi Shawkani write:
The Famous Sahabi, Sayyidina Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him) said: ?When
we went to fight against the Khawarij at Nehrwaan, once I saw their piety, doubts
filled my heart, how could I possibly fight these people, the beards upon their
faces their heads touching the ground, their recitation of the Qur?an echoing around
me. I had to find a way not to fight against these people. I then made the excuse
of an extended prayer and placed my spear in the ground. I asked Sayyidina ?Ali
(may Allah be please with him) to go on without me as I wanted to pray. Sayyidina
?Ali left me to pray. During my Salaah I was still pondering on whether to fight
against these people; after I completed my salaah I raised my hands to Allah and
asked him ?Oh Allah if to fight these people is wrong then do not give me the strength
to fight?. As I finished my supplication I saw Sayyidina ?Ali running towards me
at an extreme speed, he came to me and hit his hand against my chest and said ?remove
the doubts from your heart?. My prayer had been answered: it was from here my heart
acknowledged that I must support Sayyidina ?Ali and to fight against the Khwaarij
sect was indeed correct. I then went and joined the army and killed many of the
We can see the trials that the Khawarij caused the sahabah, both physically and
mentally, and if it was difficult for them to endure this trial then surely for
us this is a huge struggle. I understand it may be hard to acknowledge that the
Khawarij sect are wrong, but it is indeed a great blessing to have the wisdom to
understand this as this even the sahabah were unsure. However, The Holy Prophet
has already warned us about the Khawaarij in detail, warning us of their signs and
slogans, so if anyone truly wants to understand they will not have any problem knowing
who is right and wrong.
I pray to Allah that He accepts this small contribution of mine. I especially pray
that people understand this and benefit from it and that their suspicions, doubts
and accusations of shirk shall be erased. May Allah further give people the strength
to stand against the Khwaarij as the companions did. May Allah give the Khwaarij
the wisdom to love the Prophets, the family of the Prophet and of the Pious: let
our end be with those that you love.
O our Lord! We heard a proclaimer that he calls
for believing, that believe unto your Lord; then we believed. O our Lord! Forgive
us our sins and wipe off us our evils and cause us to die along with the righteous.
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